Puerperial Pyrexia and its causes

Puerperal Pyrexia : Short Summary and Causes
Peurperium
Puerperium is a period following child birth during which body tissues especially the pelvic organs revert back approximately to pre-pregnant state both anatomically and physiologically. Normally, it lasts for 6 weeks after delivery.




What is puerperal pyrexia?
also called childbed fever, is a rise of temperature reaching 100.4 degree Fahrenheit or 38 degree celcius measured orally on 2 separate occasions at 24 hours apart ( excluding first 24 hours) within first 10 days following delivery is called puerperal pyrexia.

Causes of fever during Peurperium
Puerperal Sepsis : Most common cause. It is an infection of genital tract which occurs as a complication of delivery. Peuperal pyrexia is considered to be due to genital tract infection unless proved otherwise.
Urinary tract infection
Cystitis
pyelonephritis
Mastitis : breast infection
Infection of cesarean section wound
Pulmonary infection
Septic pelvic thrombophlebitis
Recrudescence of malaria or pulmonary tuberculosis
Unknown causes


Read more: http://medchrome.com/major/gynaeobstr/puerperal-pyrexia-and-its-causes/

Bed sore Stages


Classification
The definitions of the four pressure ulcer stages are revised periodically by the National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (NPUAP) in the United States. Briefly, however, they are as follows:


Stage I is the most superficial, indicated by non blanchable redness that does not subside after pressure is relieved. This stage is visually similar to reactive hyperemia seen in skin after prolonged application of pressure. Stage I pressure ulcers can be distinguished from reactive hyperemia in two ways: a) reactive hyperemia resolves itself within 3/4 of the time pressure was applied, and b) reactive hyperemia blanches when pressure is applied, whereas a Stage I pressure ulcer does not. The skin may be hotter or cooler than normal, have an odd texture, or perhaps be painful to the patient. Although easy to identify on a light-skinned patient, ulcers on darker-skinned individuals may show up as shades of purple or blue in comparison to lighter skin tones.

Stage II is damage to the epidermis extending into, but no deeper than, the dermis. In this stage, the ulcer may be referred to as a blister or abrasion.

Stage III involves the full thickness of the skin and may extend into the subcutaneous tissue layer. This layer has a relatively poor blood supply and can be difficult to heal. At this stage, there may be undermining damage that makes the wound much larger than it may seem on the surface.

Stage IV pressure ulcerStage IV is the deepest, extending into the muscle, tendon or even bone.

Unstageable pressure ulcers are covered with dead cells, or eschar and wound exudate, so the depth cannot be determined.

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